Essay on transformative learning

Resolutions of the Lambeth Conference. Lauer, R. Perspectives on social change 2nd ed. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon. Laws of the Federation of Nigeria. The marriage act. Kroth, M. Stories of transformative learning.

Rotterdam: Sense Publishers. CrossRef Google Scholar. Marshall, G.

Oxford dictionary of sociology 2nd ed. Mejiuni, O. English Ed. New York, NY: Palgrave. International and community based transformative learning. Cranton Eds. Women and power: Education, religion and identity.

Metz, H. Nigeria: A country report. Mezirow, J. Transformative dimensions of adult learning. Issues in transformative learning. Hagstrom Ed. Stockholm: Department of Education, Stockholm University. Learning as transformation: Critical perspectives on a theory in progress. San Francisco, CA: Wiley.

Pereira, C. Domesticating women? Gender, religion and the state in Nigeria under colonial and military rule. African Identities , 3 1 , 69— Taiwo, O. How colonialism preempted modernity in Africa.


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Taylor, E. A theory in progress? Issues in transformative learning theory. Webster, J. Transformative learning has been critiqued as being concerned a lot on the rational process and makes a suggestion on emotion and intuition based on analytical psychology. According to Cranton , such differences in strategy emotional versus rationale and the various ways learners experience transformation, show that no particular transformative learning mode exists.

These differences in learning contexts, teachers and learners affect learning. Cranton believes that not every learner and teacher could feel comfortable with this kind of transformative learning since not each situation will lend to it. While not disputing this, a more crucial limitation to recognize, cross-cultural experiences offer the ideal environment needed for transformative learning. However, students and teachers who are inclined to transformative learning will definitely have a firm base for change Mezirow, This change has been described by researchers, educators and other scholars as neighbors out of strangers, a humbled sense of connectedness, an awakening of the entire soul and an enlarging of our circle or compassion among other definitions O'Sullivan, These are not usually dramatic or sudden epiphany, although are normally a steady incremental change that occurs due to various events.

A number of programs have been established having a potential for learners to encounter transformation. Undergraduate students in the Global Learning Term get involved in learning and living environments where collaboration and cross-cultural communication are expected. In this model, learners live between months in a country of their choice normally in the global south where they engage in meetings with guided readings, faculty, assignments and sessions both prior before and after the end of the term.

This transformative program of learning involves deconstruction, discussion and making sense of experiences.

Mezirow j transformative learning theory to practice essay - rayrosistang.tk

For LA term, learners are supposed to live with families that are culturally different in the Los Angeles, Central and Southern parts of the country while learning and working with the urban poor population. These programs with transformative learning models have been linked to increased student performance.

A wide scope of experiences is supported through well-structured international programs that help to understand and gain awareness and appreciation of the host language and culture. The goals and objectives of multicultural learning environment have largely been met through these models fostering transformative learning possibilities.

Transformative learning Essay

They have been able to promote tolerance and are acceptable for individuals with different backgrounds and actively taking part in the activities with international orientations removing all barriers that may hinder intercultural interactions and relations. They have also made multicultural learning possible through enhanced open mindedness to other different cultures and a highly decreased ethnocentrism.

Diversity and internationalization are important aspects that are needed to diversify learning environments in order to prepare learners willing and in a position to co-exist with others from different backgrounds. Transformative learning has played a very imperative role in the amalgamation of different cultures to promote a common goal of achieving international excellence Brookfield, The need of fostering the transformation learning of teachers cannot be accentuated given that quite a number of teachers being European Americans, middle-class who perceive themselves without culture, culturally summarized, socialized to conservative mind frames and ideologies that negate their capability to take part in effective culturally responsive and cross-cultural teaching.

Scholars in multicultural learning environments have held differences in their views on what are the best approaches and strategies of engaging in-service and pre-service teachers in confronting their cultural values and beliefs, power issues, inequalities, privilege and policies Nieto and Bode, ; Swanson, However, there is a belief that they have done so in strategies that are counter-productive, engendering and demoralizing student resistant.

Some people argue that transformative learning is hard to come by, if not attainable by learners based on one of the courses of university. At the same time, proponents and supporters of transformative learning have a belief that it is attainable and takes place in discrete classes since transformation is realized in various sizes Torosyan, Multicultural Learning Achievement.

Transformative learning activities

The instructor who is usually a mentor of those undergoing the transformation is entitled to various roles and duties in reference to the learner. In addition, the educators should have varying needs, preferences, interests and experience to put them in a better position to respond to the diverse individual characteristics inherent in their students. Overall, in the process of defining purpose of the student learning, attention is directed at the beliefs held towards the aims and goals the learner should achieve.

Emphasis should be made on the targets and accomplishments that the learning process is in attempt to get and the underlying reasons for these targets Fletcher, Therefore, it is imperative for the school to have the overall purpose of the learning process defined. Student connectedness and success involves transformative knowledge and skill dissemination to children who have a lot of curiosity to establish who they are in life.

People have an inborn tendency of doing that which is known to them and what they have had a prior experienced in. Thus, it follows this contention that in order to alter behavioral patterns, there is a need to begin with having different experiences. In this regard, the educator has to be in a good position to help pioneers with a new and required experience.